How to be a firefighter

If you are considering submitting to the competitions for firefighters, then we will indicate the essential requirements that you must meet. It is important to bear in mind that firefighting competitions have an autonomous character, which is why here you will find the general requirements, but in any case we recommend that you look for your specific call on this page, since through it you will have access to the bases of the call where you can outline the requirements to be a firefighter that will require you in your particular case.

Main requirements to be a firefighter

These are the main requirements to be firefighters, which are common in all calls. However, through the search engine you will be able to know more exhaustive information in relation to the concrete tests, at the same time that you will also have access to the bases of the call where you can find all the updated information.

Meet the minimum qualification level to be a firefighter

One of the requirements to be a firefighter is to meet minimum requirements in terms of qualifications. These conditions will vary depending on the group and subgroup that we present, being as a general rule the following:

Group A :

A1: be in possession of a University Degree.

A2: to be in possession of a University Degree.

Group B: to be in possession of a degree of Superior Technician (Higher
Degree Training Cycle).

Group C :

C1: to be in possession of the Bachelor or Technician degree
(Middle Grade Training Cycle).

C2: to be in possession of the School Graduate, First
Degree FP or graduate degree in ESO.

In any case, it will be necessary to prove the possession of the title by
attaching it to the request instance to be a firefighter.

In case the degree has been obtained abroad, it will be necessary to include a
document that certifies the homologation with the requirements in Spain. And
if the documentation is in a language other than Spanish, a sworn translation
must also be attached.

Driving licenses to be a firefighter

To be able to apply to the opposition for a firefighter, it will be necessary to
have a driving license B and a BTP permit, which are respectively the car license that you will all have and permission to drive vehicles for public transport and priority vehicles.

In the event that we opt for the opposition for a firefighter driver we will also
have to include the driver’s license C, which is none other than the permit to drive trucks. In some cases the C + E (trailer) and D (bus) permits may be requested, although this is rare.

Nationality to be a firefighter

It will also be mandatory to have Spanish nationality or be a national of another Member State of the European Union or spouse of them, whatever their nationality, provided they are not separated by law. It is also possible to be a descendant (whatever their nationality) of Spanish or a national of another Member State of the European Union or of their spouses, provided they are not separated from the law, they are under 21 or older than that dependent age. Likewise, the persons included in the scope of application of the International Treaties celebrated by the European Union and ratified by Spain in which the free movement of workers is applicable.

Minimum and maximum age to be a firefighter

The minimum age to apply for firefighting competitions will be 18 years, or 21
years in the event that we present ourselves to the competitions for a
firefighter driver.

As for the maximum age in principle, it will be the retirement age. However,
in certain calls it is possible that a limit is established depending on the
work to be chosen

Minimum and maximum height to be a firefighter

There is no minimum or maximum height except in special cases where the position to which it is opposed requires a limit in any of the senses.

Other requirements to be a firefighter

In addition to meeting the requirements to be a former firefighter, it will also
be necessary for us to have the physical and psychological capacities that allow us to carry out and perform adequately in the tasks entrusted to us.

And of course it is also necessary that the opponent has not been separated by disciplinary file of the service of any of the Public Administrations or the
constitutional or statutory bodies of the Autonomous Communities, nor be in
absolute or special disqualification for jobs or public positions by resolution
judicial, for access to the body or scale of the official or to perform
functions similar to those performed in the case of the workforce in which he
or she was separated or disqualified. In the case of being a national of
another State, not be disqualified or in an equivalent situation or have been
subjected to disciplinary or equivalent sanctions that prevent, in your State,
in the same terms, access to public employment.

Overcoming physical and theoretical tests

Once we comply with all the above we face a series of tests both physical and
theoretical, including personality tests and medical examination and other alternative tests that only will be required in special circumstances such as proof of trade and driving test .

Everything you need to know about physical evidence you will find in the section where we talk about the different tests that we can find in most calls. In order to receive all the information you will only have to access the category of physical evidence .

For more information and to know everything related to the theoretical tests
(including the syllabuses) we recommend that you take a look at the opposition section where you can find information oriented to the specific call
you are looking for.


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